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Слайд 1

The Present Continuous Tense Use and form

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What is she doing? She is reading a book.

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What is she doing? She is crying.

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What’s he doing? He’s watching TV.

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Where’s he going? He’s going to school.

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And what are you doing right now? We are studying English grammar.

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Use 1 The previous examples show that we use this tense to denote an action happening at the time of speaking (adverbs: now, right now, at the moment)

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What are they wearing today? They are wearing T-shirts and mini skirts today.

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I’d love to see you. Are you busy? Unfortunately, I’m rather busy. I’m painting my flat this week.

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Are you having fun this summer? Not really. I’m working as a waiter. I need some money for college.

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Use 2 These examples show that the Present Continuous Tense is also used to denote a temporary action happening today or these days.

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What’s wrong with our planet? It’s getting warmer.

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What’ wrong with the air we breathe? It’s becoming more and more polluted.

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Use 3 It is also used to express the ongoing changes, especially with verbs such as become, get, grow, change, and with expressions like more and more.

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Are you going to the party on Friday?

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We’re leaving tomorrow.

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Use 4 We use it for future arrangements with a time reference.

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Form – am, are, is + ing form Affirmative I am sleeping. He/she/it is sleeping. You/we/they are sleeping. Negative I am not (I’m not) singing. He/she/it is not (isn’t) singing. You/we/they are not (aren’t) singing. am, is, are + ing form

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Form - continued Interrogative Am I dreaming? Is he/she/it dreaming? Are you/we/they dreaming? Short answers Yes, I am/he is/we are… No, I’m not/he isn’t/we aren’t…

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ing form – spelling rules Most verbs just take –ing with no changes in spelling: watch-watching, clean-cleaning, listen-listening Verbs ending in –e drop it before –ing: live-living, write-writing Verbs with short vowels and one consonant double the consonant: run-running, swim-swimming

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ing form – spelling rules Verbs ending in –l, double it: travel-travelling, cancel-cancelling Verbs ending in –ie change it to –y: lie-lying, die-dying

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