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What is she doing? She / read / book She is reading the book. She’s reading a book.

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What is he doing? He / listen / music He is listening to music. He’s listening to music.

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What are they doing? They / study They’re studying. They are studying.

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What are they doing? They / work They’re working. They are working.

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What are they doing? They / learn / English They are learning English. They’re learning English.

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What are we doing? We / smile We’re smiling!

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What am I doing? I / type I’m typing.

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What are you doing? You / behave / badly You’re behaving badly!

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Form Positive (+) Subject + auxiliary (be) + verb + ing I am = I’m walking. You are = You’re reading. He/She/It is = He’s/She’s/It’s eating. We are = We’re laughing. They are = They’re shouting.

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Form Negative (-) Subject + auxiliary (be)+ not + verb + ing I’m looking. You’re playing. He’s/She’s/It’s talking. We’re jumping. They’re climbing. not

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Form Interrogative (?) Auxiliary (be) + subject + verb + ing + ? Am I dreaming? Are you sleeping ? Is he/she/it falling? Are we flying? Are they drinking?

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Rules Some verbs drop the last -e: Eg write writing take taking bake baking dance dancing but see seeing Some verbs double the last letter: Eg sit sitting swim swimming travel travelling get getting but open opening

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Rules eg lie lying die dying The verb ‘be’ is only used in the continuous to describe temporary behaviour. eg He’s being naughty. She’s being good. He’s being an idiot. Verbs ending in –ie, drop the –ie + –y + ing

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Short questions & answers: cry cook play do Is the baby crying? Is the man cooking? Are the boys doing their homework? No, he isn’t. He’s playing the violin. Yes he is. He’s crying. Yes they are!

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When? 1. A short activity, happening right now:

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When? 2. A temporary (not usual) situation: I usually drive to work but this week I’m walking.

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When? 3. A change or action we’re in the middle of: I’m getting a cold!

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When? 4. A future arrangement: Sorry, got to go –. I’m meeting someone in half an hour.

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Making future arrangements: Are you free on Saturday? Sorry / work Sorry / see /family Sorry / go / cinema / girlfriend Sorry, I’m working. Sorry, I’m seeing my family. Sorry, I’m going to the cinema with my girlfriend.

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Exceptions: Some verbs aren’t usually used in the present continuous: Feelings Mental states Senses Also: belong, include, contain (hate, like, love, prefer, want, wish) (believe, feel, know, remember, mean, understand) (hear, see, sound, smell, taste) (BUT ‘How are you feeling? I’m feeling happy.)

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Think . . . Have The verbs have and think have a different meaning in the simple and continuous. I think that’s good. (opinion) Wait a minute, I’m thinking. (activity happening now) I have a car. (possession) I’m having lunch. (activity happening now)

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