The Second World War Poetry and Prose
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English and American poets of The Second World War Sergeyeva 11-B, Shchorba 11-B, Derevyanko 11-B
Keith Castellain Douglas (January 24, 1920 - June 9, 1944), the greatest ENGLISH poet, in the Second World War. ''For here the lover and killer are mingled who had one body and one heart. And death who had the soldier singled has done the lover mortal hurt.'' Keith Douglas (1920-1944), British poet.
Keith Douglas was born in 1920. His father fought in the First World War, and in the Second World War Keith chose to fight too. After only a year at university he joined the cavalry (he loved horse-riding), but like the rest of the cavalry he actually trained in tanks. As well as an excellent horseman he was a keen rugby player; he also started writing poetry in his teens.
Keith Douglas was injured by a landmine during the battles in Egypt, and was taken to a hospital in what was then Palestine. He took the opportunity to write poems while he recovered, and then went back to active service. He was killed during the Allied invasion of Normandy. He was only 24 years old.
Some people have said that he would have been one of the century's greatest poets if he had lived. Keith Douglas himself said that most of the poetry of the war would be written only after it was over, whether by soldiers or civilians. He knew that this war had involved civilians to a much greater extent than ever before, though he did not know that an estimated 27 million civilians would be killed by the end of the war - double the number of soldiers killed.
Randall Jarrell (6 May 1914 – 14 October 1965) an American poet, literary critic, children's author, essayist, and novelist.
Randall Jarrell was born on May 6, 1914 in Nashville, Tennessee, to Owen and Anna Campbell Jarrell His father worked as assistant to a children's photographer in Los Angeles but soon opened his own studio.
Poor economic conditions forced the family to move to Long Beach, California. Relations between his parents became strained. His maternal uncle Howell Campbell, moved his mother and the children back to Nashville, Tennessee, and his parents divorced. His mother took a job as an English teacher at a secretarial school in Nashville. Randall Jarrell worked as a paper boy and sold Christmas wrappings door-to-door during this period. He did well in school and developed a love of libraries at the Carnegie Library in Nashville.
In 1942 he left the university to join the United States Army Air Forces, he started as a flying cadet, he later became a tower operator, a job he considered the most poetic in the Air Force. His early poetry would focus on the subject of his war-time experiences in the Air Force.
On October 14, 1965, while walking along a road in Chapel Hill near dusk, Jarrell was struck by a car and killed. On February 28, 1966, a memorial service was held in Jarrell's honor at Yale University, and some of the best-known poets in the country attended and spoke at the event, including Robert Lowell who said that Jarrell was, "'the most heartbreaking poet of our time'. . . and had written 'the best poetry in English about the Second World War.'
Nicholson was born in 1914 in the small industrial town of Millom in Cumberland. His writing career stretched from the 1930s up until his death in 1987. He was awarded the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry in 1977. Much of Nicholson's poetry depicts life in its native town - a small South Cumberland industrial and mining town, where he spent all his life in the house where he was born because of his illness. In September 1940 during the second world war he saw the Sufferings of his native land. His town was one of the English towns which was the target of enemy aircraft that flew over at night and dropped bombs. All his impressions he describes in his poems.