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The plains were not wild for us. The white people came from the East and the “ Wild West ” started. Standing Bear, an Indian chief
Wild West is the name of the Western American territories and of the period in the history of the USA when with pioneering spirit thousands of people left more densely populated eastern US states and moved to the West. The main driving force behind the relocation was the Act on Land Ownership (1862) which allowed to own land in unpopulated areas. Most of the pioneers were immigrants from Europe.
` Native Americans But the western territories were not actually unpopulated. They were inhabited by dozens of Indian tribes(Mohawk, Sioux, Apache, Iroquois, etc) that had their own culture based on using horses and hunting. The Indians carried out strong resistance to the settlers trying to protect their homes and lands.
The Plains Indians didn’t live in one place, so they didn’t have houses but teepees, tents made of buffalo skins, and they painted them with pictures. The Indians hunted buffalo and then used the skins for clothes and shoes and the bones for knives and arrows. Life for the Indians changed when immigrants arrived. The Plains Indians
Indian Wars is the name to describe a series of conflicts between the Indians and white settlers or Federal Government which grew when the Government began sending the natives to live on reservations. The conflicts were frequent up until the 1890s.
O' Great Spirit Whose voice I hear in the winds, And whose breath gives life To all the world, hear me! I am small and weak, I need your strength and wisdom. Let me walk in beauty, And make my eyes ever behold The red and purple sunset. Make my hands respect the things you have made, And my ears sharp to hear your voice. Make me wise, So that I may understand The things you have taught my people. Let me learn the lessons You have hidden In every leaf and rock. I seek strength, Not to be greater than my brother, But to fight my greatest enemy- myself. Make me always ready To come to you with clean hands And straight eyes. So when life fades, As the fading sunset, My spirit may come to you Without shame.
Cowboys Cowboys lived and worked on ranches and they travelled thousands of miles with their cows. They started in Texas and arrived in the railway towns. The trains then carried the cows to the East of the United States. When the cowboys arrived in the towns, they went to the barber’s to get a haircut and then they went to the saloon to have a drink, to play cards, to compete, to sing and dance.
Oh the cowboy works such a long, long day And he rides his horse such a long, long way And the cows don’t mind that he rides along ‘Cause as he rides he sings his song. Oh the cowboy wakes up at dawn each day First he feeds his horse, then he is on his way While he rides and waits for the lunchtime gong The cows are happy that he sings his song. When the sun goes down it’s the end of the day And the cows and horses are tucked away Other cowboys join him in the campfire ring As he strums his guitar they all softly sing: .
Annie Oakley is a legendary Wild West woman who was born in a big and very poor family in a small village in Ohaio . She learnt how to use guns when she was only five. When she was nine her father died. Life was hard and she went hunting animals to get food for her family to eat. Annie also took part in different shooting competitions and she won them! Wild West Women
Later on together with her husband, Annie Oakley travelled around America and Europe, She performed incredible tricks! She could shoot a coin or the thin edge of a playing card thrown in the air from 30 metres! Annie gave shooting lessons to American soldiers in World War 1. Before she died she had all of her medals melted down and she gave the money to the children’s charity.
Gunmen and Sheriffs Wild west towns were violent and dangerous places. They had gunmen like Billy the Kid or Butch Cassidy who robbed banks and trains. Sheriffs tried to catch them. A famous sheriff was Wyatt Earp, sheriff of Dodge City.
The Gold Rush In 1848 in California and in 1860 in Dakota gold was discovered. Thousands of people went there with the hope to find gold and become rich. The Gold Rush started. At the beginning of the Gold Rush over 100.000 gold miners arrived in California every year.
The gold miners wanted clothes that were strong and did not tear easily. In 1853, a man called Leob Strauss left his home in New York and moved to San Francisco, where he started a business, supplying strong pants. Waist overalls, was the traditional name for work pants, which is what these first jeans were called. They were not blue but dirty grey because originally they were made of cloth for tents. The History of Jeans Leob Strauss changed his name from Leob to Levi. That’s why jeans are often called “Levis”.
The growth of the West created need for communication across the country. The demand for a transcontinental railroad grew. The Congress passed the Pacific Railway acts. The building of the railway started. Transcontinental Railroad
In the race to complete the transcontinental road, the Central Pacific started in San Francisco and worked east, and the Union Pacific started in Omaha and worked west. A large number of Irish and Chinese immigrants worked on the railroads. On May 10, 1869, the railroad lines met and joined the two tracks with a GOLDEN SPIKE at Promontory, Utah.
The End of the Wild West As the population of the western US states and urbanization grew, the area with the characteristic Wild West way of life started to decline. Until 1890 it ceased existing as a cultural phenomenon. But the Wild West with pioneers and Indians, buffalo hunting and gold mining, ranches and cowboys, sheriffs and outlaws went on living in numerous stories, legends and myths…
WOULD YOU MOVE TO THE WILD WEST IF YOU KNEW THAT THE QUESTION IS 1 OUT OF 10 PEOPLE DIED ALONG THE WAY MANY SETTLERS WALKED THE ENTIRE TWO-THOUSAND MILES BAREFOOT PEOPLE LIVED IN CONSTANT DANGER OF DISEASE, ATTACKS, ROBBERS THEY HAD LITTLE FOOD AND NO BATHROOMS