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Dame Agatha Mary Clarissa Christie DBE (née Miller; 15 September 1890 – 12 January 1976) was a British crime writer of novels, short stories, and plays.
She also wrote romances under the name Mary Westmacott, but she is best remembered for her 66 detective novels and 14 short story collections (especially those featuring Hercule Poirot or Miss Jane Marple), and her successful West End plays. Dame Agatha Christie
According to the Guinness Book of World Records, Christie is the best-selling novelist of all time. Her novels have sold roughly four billion copies, and her estate claims that her works rank third, after those of William Shakespeare and the Bible, as the most widely published books. Guinness Book of World Records
Hercule Poirot and Miss Marple Agatha Christie's first novel The Mysterious Affair at Styles was published in 1920 and introduced the long-running character detective Hercule Poirot, who appeared in 33 of Christie's novels and 54 short stories. Joan Hickson as Miss Marple
Her other well known character, Miss Marple, was introduced in The Tuesday Night Club in 1927 (short story) and was based on women like Christie's grandmother and her "cronies". The Thirteen Problems Dust-jacket illustration of the first UK edition Hercule Poirot David Suchet as Hercule Poirot
During the Second World War, Christie wrote two novels, Curtain, and Sleeping Murder, intended as the last cases of these two great detectives, Hercule Poirot and Jane Marple. Dust-jacket illustration of the first UK edition Curtain: Poirot's Last Case
Formula and plot devices Almost all of Agatha Christie's books are whodunits, focusing on the British middle and upper classes. Usually, the detective either stumbles across the murder or is called upon by an old acquaintance, who is somehow involved. Agatha Christie's room at the Pera Palace Hotel, where she wrote Murder on the Orient Express.
Seven stories are inspired by a nursery rhyme : Ten Little Niggers by Ten Little Indians; One, Two, Buckle My Shoe by One, Two, Buckle My Shoe; Five Little Pigs by This Little Piggy; Crooked House by There Was a Crooked Man; A Pocket Full of Rye by Sing a Song of Sixpence,; Hickory Dickory Dock by Hickory Dickory Dock, and Three Blind Mice by Three Blind Mice. Cover of first edition featuring the original title, Ten Little Niggers, which was changed in the US, and at later date in the UK, due to the presence of the pejorative term
Christie ultimately became the acknowledged Queen of the Golden Age. In all, she wrote over 66 novels, numerous short stories and screenplays, and a series of romantic novels using the pen name Mary Westmacott.