British customs and traditionsЗавантажити презентацію
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Britain is full of customs and traditions. Most of them are very old. Some traditions are so old that they look rather strange to modern people. But the British do not want to part with them. They are rather conservative. But their old customs and traditions make Britain a very attractive country for other nations who have lost their heritage.
London bus is one of Britain’s principal national symbols, the red double-decker buses are famous all over the world. You can see loads of them in London
The British like order in everything and queuing is one of their customs. There are no disorderly crowds even at English bus-stops. People stand in a line waiting for the bus and when a new person comes he stands at the end of the queue.
Shaking hands is an old English custom. It began in the Middle Ages when knights took off their steel gloves to show that they are not going to fight and took each other’s hands as a sign of friendly intentions
This habit is spread today all over the world. Meeting a person for the first time, you shake his hand. You say “How do you do?” This is not a question, it is a polite address. He also says, “How do you do?” If the person is of your age you can just say, “Hello”.
The English are a nation of stay-at-home. There is no place like home, they say. “The Englishman’s home is his castle”, is saying known all over the world.
The fire is the focus of the English home. What do other nations sit around? The answer is they don’t. They go out to cafes. For the English it is the open fire and the ceremony of English tea.
It is the custom to have a party to celebrate person’s birthday. Most British people have a house warming party when they move to a new flat or house. They have parties at home. They have them at Christmas and New Year’s Eve.
Christmas Christmas is Christian holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. Christmas Day is observed on the 25th of December. For millions of Christians throughout the world it is the happiest and the busiest time of the year. Children write letters to Santa Claus and tell him what presents they would like to get. People send Christmas cards to relatives and friends. On Christmas Eve or Christmas morning, families open their presents. A traditional Christmas dinner consists of stuffed turkey, mashed potatoes, cranberry sauce and a variety of other dishes.
The Easter Easter is one of the most important holidays in Christianity. It’s a time for giving and receiving presents, mostly Easter eggs. We can say that the egg is the most popular emblem of Easter, but spring-time flowers are also used to stress the nature’s awakening. Nowadays there are a lot of chocolate Easter eggs, having some small gifts inside. Egg-rolling is a traditional Easter pastime. You roll the eggs down a clope until they are cracked and broken, after they are eaten up.
ST. VALENTINE’S DAY It’s the day when boys and girls, sweethearts and lovers, husbands and wives, friends and neighbours, and even the office staff will exchange greetings of affections, undying love or satirical comment. People send to each other greeting cards, chocolate and flowers. There is a version of the First Valentine. It was a bishop, a Christian martyr who before he was put to death by the Romans sent a note of friendship to his jailer’s blind daughter. Valentine cards are usually decorated with symbols of love and friendship. This day has become traditional for many couples to become engaged.
Thanksgiving Day Almost in every culture in the world there is a celebration of thanks for rich harvest. The American Thanksgiving began as a feast of thanksgiving almost four hundred years ago. After the United States gained independence, Congress recommended one yearly day of thanksgiving for the whole country. Later, George Washington suggested the date November 26 as Thanksgiving Day. Then Abraham Lincoln suggested the last Thursday in November to be the day of thanksgiving. On Thanksgiving Day, family members gather at the house of an older relative, even if they live far away. All give thanks for everything good they have.
Halloween October 31st is Hallowe'en, and you can expect to meet witches and ghosts that night. A long time ago people were afraid and stayed at home on Hallowe'en. But now in Britain its a time for fun. There are always a lot of parties on October 31st. At these parties people wear masks and they dress as ghosts and witches, or as Dracula or Frankenstein's monster. And some people make special Hallowe'en lamps from a large fruit the pumpkin. First they take out the middle of the pumpkin. Then they cut holes for the eyes, nose and mouth. Finally they put a candle inside the pumpkin.
Changing of the Guard The ceremony of the Changing of the Guard that takes place daily at eleven o'clock in the morning. Every day a large crowd of people gather to see this famous and traditional ceremony. The troops who take part are selected from the five regiments of Foot Guards. Their numbers depend on whether the Queen is in residence or not. The men of the duty guard march from either Wellington or Chelsea Barracks to Buckingham Palace with a band.
The little old woman who has 12 children: Some short, some long, some cold, some hot. What is it? 2. What has four legs, but is not an animal? Riddles
1. I have got cities but no houses, forests but no trees, rivers without water. What am I? 2. What has hands but cannot hold anything? Riddles
Proverbs So many men 2.Like father 3. A cat in gloves 4. An apple a day 5. A good beginning . 6. Better an egg today c. so many minds. keeps the doctor away b. makes a good ending. e. catches no mice d. than a hen tomorrow f. like sons.
Make sentenses tree, Santa Claus, winter, common, present, poems, socks, fireplace, cards, games, snow, sweets, decorate, favourite, songs, church, holly, snowman, deer, turkey, bells, pudding, special.