"Charles Dickens"Завантажити презентацію
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Charles John Huffam Dickens was an English writer and social critic. He created some of the world's most memorable fictional characters and is generally regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period. During his life, his works enjoyed unprecedented fame, and by the twentieth century his literary genius was broadly acknowledged by critics and scholars. His novels and short stories continue to be widely popular.
Fact №1 Dickens had an obsessive compulsive disorder. He would comb his hair hundreds of times a day, constantly rearranged the furniture and was obsessed with looking in the mirror.
№2 He was obsessive about the position of his bed. It had to be aligned north to south because of his obsession with magnetic fields and the belief it improved his writing.
№7 Dickens was epileptic and included epileptic characters in his books. Doctors are still astonished how accurate his descriptions of epilepsy are in his books.
№8 Dickens was the first superstar author, the J.K.Rowling of his day. In 1841 when the Old Curiosity Shop was serialized 6000 people descended on New York docks when the final installment arrived all shouting `does little Nell live`? to the sailors.
№9 He was a big fan of hypnotism and used it to try and cure his wife and children of any ailments.
№10 He was not very tolerant of his friends. When Hans Christian Anderson stayed with him he gave him a BIG hint that he had outstayed his welcome by attaching a note to his mirror which said `Hans Anderson slept in this room for 5 weeks which seemed to the family, like AGES`.
№11 In his study he had a secret door which was designed like a bookcase filled with fake books.
№12 Dickens had a big ego, referring to himself as `The sparkler of Albion` (Albion being an archaic name for England). It was a pun on Shakespeare's reference to himself as the Bard of Avon.
№14 He seemed to have a failure to grasp the basics of reproduction as he resented his wife for giving him 10 children and this resentment was a factor in their separation in1858.
№15 When he was 11 as a result of his father being in prison and to help provide for his family he was forced to leave school and Take his first job in a blacking (shoe polish) factory applying the labels to the bottles. Throughout his life he would never discuss this experience .
№16 In 1860 Dickens started an affair with a young actress named Ellen Ternan and this continued until his death. It was kept very secret and as a result there is little written literature on it.
№17 Dickens gave hundreds of paid readings to audiences which meant he could indulge his love of the stage and performing .
№19 His wife`s 17 year old sister, Mary who lived with them died in Dickens`s arms after a short illness. She would later be immortalized as Little Nell.
№20 Dickens was very interested in the paranormal and was an early member of The Ghost Club.
№21 On the 9th June 1865 he narrowly escaped death when the train he was traveling in with Ellen and her mother crashed in Staplehurst. He spent time after the crash helping tend to the dying and injured and although physically unharmed he mentally never recovered.
№22 Exactly 5 years to the day later Dickens died at his home from a massive stroke leaving his last work The Mystery of Edwin Drood unfinished. He was 58.
№23 Although David Copperfield is the most biographical book of his life, all of his books have characters and stories from his own past interwoven in them.