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Презентація на тему:
The popular kinds of sports in the USA

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The popular kinds of sports in the USA

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Sport in the USA is the main part of the national culture.

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The most popular sport team games are: baseball and basketball

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Also, American football and soccer are very popular.

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Many Americans made USA country famous with their achievements in sport.

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For example, a famous boxer Muhammad Ali, athlete Bob Beamon, cyclist Lance Armstrong and many others.

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The government of the USA counted that the support of health cost cheaper than it’s restore.

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Huge number of Americans try to give up from bad habits and pay much attention to sports.

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Significant part of American society are sport fans.

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People are not always go in for sports, but they are always cheer for their favourite team or athlete.

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Many celebrities have their favourite teams. For example, on games of basketball team Los Angeles Lakers you can see a lot of famous fans:Jack Nicholson, Steven Spielberg, Denzel Washington.

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Silvester Stallone is a fan of English football club “Everton”

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US President Barack Obama is Pittsburgh Steelers’ and Chicago Bulls’ fan.

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George Clooney and Charlie Sheen are Cincinnati Reds’ fans.

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American Olympic team is traditionally one of the strongest teams on the Olympics.

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Millions of Americans regularly watch Olympics on TV. Thousands come to stadiums to cheer for their compatriots.

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BASEBALL Americans first began to play a game, which formed the basis of modern baseball on the beginning of 19-th century. Founder of modern baseball is Alexander Cartwright, who created rules for this game in 1845. Part of this rules are saved to our days.

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Alexander Cartwright was born on 17.04.1820 in New York. He worked as fireman, bank cashier, later he owned a bookstore. When he was a fireman, he started to play game similar to baseball. At first, games were held on Manhattan, near Cartwright’s work, but then fans rented a field in New Jersey for 75 $ per year.

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On 23rd of September, 1845 A. Cartwright founded a baseball club Knickerbockers, named after a fireman crew he worked in. First American baseball game was held on 19th of June, 1846, in Hoboken, New Jersey: the "New York Nine" defeated the Knickerbockers, 23–1, in four innings.

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In 1857 National Association of Baseball players was founded.

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Baseball is a bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players.  The aim is to score runs by hitting a thrown ball with a bat and touching a series of four bases arranged at the corners of a 90-foot diamond. 

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Players and trainers bust wear a special uniform : shirt, pants, baseball boots and a baseball cap. Catchers must wear helmets and special baseball glove.

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AMERICAN FOOTBALL In 1823 one of the footballers of Rugby College in Britain instead of playing football with his feet took a ball in his hands and ran. That’s how new game called rugby was born.

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Genuinely American football was born in 1867, that’s when rules were formed. In 1869 first game between college teams was played.

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Step by step, rules changed and refined. In 1920, 11 football clubs united and American Football Association was created. In 1922, AFA recruited 7 clubs and became National Football League(NFL). Today football is not just one of the most popular and spectacle sports in American, but it’s also conquering rest of the world.

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BASKETBALL Basketball is one of the most popular sports it the world. It all started in the end of the 19th century. In early December 1891 Dr. James Naismith,  a physical education professor in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day.

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For new game Dr. Naismith created few simple rules. At that time there were 9 players in a team, they played with a soccer ball, using fruit basket.

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Basketball started to become popular. First game, after Naismith’s guidance was held in the end of 1891 and in the early 1892 competitions between college teams took place.

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In 1898 first professional basketball league was formed. In the beginning of the 20th century metallic hoop and net were first used. In 1904 basketball was presented at Saint-Louis Olympics. At the Berlin Olympics in 1936 USA team won first Olympic gold in basketball.

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In 1937 National Basketball League was created and after a merger with Basketball Association of America (BAA) was formed National Basketball Association or NBA.

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SOCCER Game, that should be called football, in the USA called soccer. First soccer games took place in the end of the 19th century, between the USA and Canada teams.

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Soccer started to be massive popular in America in 1970’s, when arrived famous footballers Pele and F. Beckenbauer.

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Major League Soccer (MLS) is a professional soccer/football league. It consists of 15 teams. It was formed in 1996.

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USA men’s soccer team by the September of 2009 was 11th in FIFA rating. A lot of team members play in the top European leagues.

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The FIFA Women's World Cup Trophy is held since 1991. USA women’s team won it in 1991, 1999 and took 3rd place in 2003 and 2007.

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People all over the world are fond of sport and games. Sports makes people healthy, keeps them fit, makes them more organized and disciplined.

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Thank you for your attention. Mykolaiv School №17 Tarnavskaya Tatyana Ivanovna

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