Taras Shevchenko is a great Ukrainian poet and artist
Презентація по слайдам:
Shevchenko was born in the family of a serf in the village of Moryntsy in 1814. Young Taras became an orphan very early.
He was a shepherd, a labourer to a priest and, when he was fourteen, his master took him into the manor house as a boy-servant — "kozachok".
In 1829 Shevchenko's master moved to Vilno and then — to St Petersburg. He took his boy-servant with him, too.
Still in his early childhood Shevchenko was very fond of drawing and his master decided to make a serf painter of him. For this purpose he sent Taras to study painting.
His first poetical works are mainly examples of romanticism. The subject of many poems was unhappy love.
He travelled a lot about the country and learned to know the heavy life of the Ukrainian serfs.
In 1846 Shevchenko joined a revolutionary organisation — Kiril and Mephodiy Society, which aimed to liberate the serfs.
He wrote several revolutionary poems directed against the tsarist despotism ("Dream", 1844, "The Caucasus", 1845, and his famous "Testament").
In 1847 he was arrested and exiled as a soldier to Orsk fortress in Kazakhstan. Here, being a soldier, he wrote several novels in Russian. He also painted several of his best pictures.
In St Petersburg he made close friends with well- known Russian writers N. Chernyshevskyi N. Dobrolubov N. Nekrasov —and others.
In 1859, when Shevchenko went to Ukraine, he was arrested and forced to return to St Petersburg — the tsarist government was afraid of the elderly poet.
On the 10th of March, Shevchenko died. His death was a great loss for Ukrainian literature and liberation movement .
Shevchenko’s works take an important place in Ukrainian literature and history. His works are translated into many languages.
Shevchenko was an outstanding poet and a highly accomplished artist. He also painted the landscapes of Central Asia Fire in the Steppe ( Пожежа в степу 1848 ) Dalismen-Mula-Aulye ( Далісмен-Мула-Аулье 1848 )
Taras Shevchenko painted and drew numerous landscapes and recorded such Ukrainian architectural monuments as : Bohdan`s Church in Subotiv – 1845 ( Церква Богдана у Суботиві ) Askoldova Mohyla - 1846 ( Аскольдова Могила )
The Pochaiv Monastery from the South (Почаївський Монастир з півдня 1846) The Ascension Cathedral in Pereiaslav ( Вознесенський собор в Переяславі 1845)
There are 835 works written by him, although 270 are known to have been lost. His collection also contains over 150 portraits, 42 self-portraits. There are many landscapes, watercolours and etchings.