"The Jungle Book"
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Rudyard Kipling Birth Date: 12/30/1865 Death Date: 1/18/1936 (ulcer hemorrhage) Place of Birth: Bombay, India Place of Death: Burwash, England Parents: John & Alice Kipling John: Artist & Architect Alice: Strong ties to the arts Sibling: Alice Kipling
. . . More Kipling facts Editor of his school magazine Worked for many newspapers post school 1892, Married Caroline Balestier Two daughters – Josephine (1892-99) & Elsie (1896-1976) One son – John (1897-1915) died in WWI – Rudyard suffered gastric ulcers from his worry over his son.
Kipling’s career 1886- Assistant Editor of Civil and Military Gazette 1888- Editor of the weekly supplement, The Week’s News 1892- Wrote many novels and short stories, but began writing children’s novels. 1893- The Jungle Book published. 2nd Jungle Book published in 1895. 1907– awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
. . . More on Kipling’s career 1910– poem “If- ” published within a series of historical stories 1917– Joined the War Graves Commission as a result of his son’s disappearance. 1937- Kipling’s last writings, contained in Something of Myself for my Friends Known and Unknown, published. 1976- Elsie Bambridge Kipling, Rudyard’s last surviving child, died childless. His copyrights were left by her to the National Trust.
India First known settlement appeared over 9,000 years ago. Sovereign country in South Asia. Largest democracy in the world. (socialist republic) 28 states & 7 federally governed union territories India’s geographical plate-shift gave rise to the Himalayan Mountains. Taj Mahal is India’s most popular tourist site.
India facts Motto: Truth Alone Triumphs Anthem: Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people National Song: “I bow to thee, Mother!” Capital: New Delhi Languages: Hindi and English Aug. 15, 1947 – declared independence from UK Jan. 26, 1950 – became a Republic country 7th largest country (by area) 2nd most populous (1.12 billion)
. . . More India Facts Currency: Indian Rupee Name Derivation: Indus, which is derived from the Old Persian word Hindu. Animal: Royal Bengal Tiger Bird: Indian Peacock Flower: Lotus Tree: Banyan Fruit: Mango Sport: Field Hockey
Why India? Kipling was born in Bombay, India Customs and ways of life familiar to Kipling Kipling shares his love of and fascination with India with his readers who are not able to visit this magical place.
The Jungle Book Centers around the life of a young boy named Mowgli. Mowgli is raised by wolves and lives among animals located in the Indian Jungle. His stories are featured in three stories within The Jungle Book: “Mowgli’s Brothers,” “Kaa’s Hunting,” and “Tiger, Tiger.”
Characters Kaa – Rock Python Snake Not evil; just has a different method of hunting Akela – head of the wolf council He is a good ruler and a true friend to Mowgli Mowgli – main character (young boy) Baloo – loveable, brown bear. The only non-wolf member (besides Mowgli) of the Wolf Council of Elders Mowgli’s best friend
More characters Members of the Bandar-Log – band of wild monkeys, portrayed by “King Louie” in the animated version Bagheera – sleek and wise black panther Mowgli’s friend, sponsor, and tutor Born and raised in captivity Shere Khan – Striped tiger who is sometimes called the “Big One” and “Lungri, the Lame One” Feared for his power, but he is not respected
Layout of the Story Consists of seven (7) short stories: Three (3) are about Mowgli and his jungle friends. Four (4) are a series of animal fables. Each story is followed by a lyrical poem or song, supposedly sung or spoken by the main character, summarizing the story.
Themes Mistrust of People Who are Different Mowgli’s entrance into the wolf pack Mowgli’s entrance into the village, as well as the villager’s perceptions of Mowgli The Value of Friendship Relationships between Mowgli and the jungle animals Innocence of Animals and Children Animals appearance as non-threatening to humans Mowgli’s innocence toward the animals, as well as his judgment towards the animals and the village people.
Places in The Jungle Book Tropical jungle in the British colony of India Bering Sea (“The White Seal” and “Servants of the Queen”) - Novastoshnah Monkey City of Bandar-Log Council rock South Pacific Segowlee Contonment
Think about it… How are you like Mowgli? How are yours and Mowgli’s worlds similar? Is it important for a youth to leave their “safety-nest” and go live among others who are like them? How much of our “life experiences” influence our thinking, our goals, and our perception of the world around us?