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London is situated upon both banks of the River Thames; it is the largest city in Britain and one of the largest in the world. Its population is about 7 million people. London dominates the life of Britain. It is the chief port of the country and the most important commercial, manufacturing and cultural centre. There is little heavy industry in London, but there is a wide range of light industry in Greater London. London consists of three parts: the City of London, the West End and the East End.
Buckingham Palace is the London home of the Queen. Although in use for the many official events and receptions held by The Queen, areas of Buckingham Palace are opened to visitors on a regular basis. When the flag is flying on the top she is at home. There is the Victoria Monument just outside the gates.
The State Room The Throne Room Garden Pavilion Gallery There are 600 rooms in it. It has an indoor swimming pool and a cinema.
The Houses of Parliament, officially the New Palace of Westminster, is the seat of The British government. Parliament consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The Houses of commons sits to the side of the Clock Tower (Big Ben), the Houses of Lords – to the Victoria Tower. The current building was built in the mid-19th century and was designed by British architect Sir Charles Barry.
Big Ben is the great bell in the clock tower on the eastern end of the Houses of Parliament in London. It is named after Sir Benjamin Hall, London’s Commissioner of Works. The booming 13.5-ton bell first rang out in 1859.
Westminster Abbey is the best-known church in England. It is the crowning and the burial place of British monarchs. It has its world famous Poet’s Corner with memorials to Chaucer, Shakespeare, Dickens, Hardy, Kipling and others. It was begun in 1245 for King Henry III. The chapel of Henry VII, designed in the Tudor style, was added in 1503. Chapel Henry VII Coronation Chair
The Tower of London is a very big castle. It is the oldest place and the most famous of all historical buildings in London. It stands today almost unchanged since first it was built in the 11th century. It was a castle, a palace, a zoo, a prison, but it is only a museum today.