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The history of Buckingham Palace began in 1702 when the Duke of Buckingham had it built as his London home. The Duke´s son sold the house in1761 to GeorgeIII, it was renamed “Queen´s House“ in 1774 as Queen Charlotte resided there. Queen Victoria was the first monarch to take up residence in Buckingham palace in 1837. After Queen Victoria´s death the Palace metamorphosed into today´s familiar landmark. More than 600 rooms, including 52 Royal and guest bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices and 78 bathrooms.
Victoria Born:1819 Died:1901 Reigned:1837-1901 The only child of Edward, Duke of Kent(son GeorgeIII.) and the last member of the Hanoverian dynasty. -In 1840 married her first cousin Prince Albert. -Gave birth to 9 chidren: 4 boys and 5girls. -The longest reigning Brithis monarch for over sixty-three years. .
GeorgeIII. Born:1738 Died:1820 Reigned:1760-1820 -Succeed his grandfather George II., following the death in 1751 of his father, Frederick Prince of Wales. -In 1761 married Princess Charlotte. -Bought Buckingham House (now Palace) following his marriage to Princess Charrlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in 1761.
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Born:1738 Died:1820 Married:1761 -Daughter of Charles, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz -Gave birth to 15 children: 9 boys and 6 girls; -Most of her collection and library was sold in 1819 for the support of her 4 younger surviving daughter.
James I. Born:1566 Died:1625 Reigned:1567-1625(in Scotland) 1603-1625(in England) -The only child of Marry, Queen of Scots and Lord Darnley. -Married Anne of Denmark in 1589; their children included Henry, Prince of Wales, Charles I. and the „Winter Queen“ Elizabeth of Bohemia. -On Elizabeth I.´s death in1603, he united the crowns of England and Scotland and became the first monarch of the Stuart dynasty
Buckingham palace belongs to the Brithis monarchs in London. Today it is the Queen´s official residence with 755 rooms. It is one of the few working royal palaces remaining in the world today. During August and September when The Queen makes her annual visit to Scotland, the Palace´s nineteen state rooms are opened to visitors. Buckingham palace is not only home of the Queen Elizabeth II. but also the London residence of her son Charles, his wife and his sons: Harry and William. The Queen has other homes too, including Windsor castle and Barmoral in Scotland. The monarch´s thrones are designed in scarlet and gold. Throne Room is used for formal photographs. Buckingham Palace is within easy reach of other great London sights, including: the Houses of Parliament, Big Ben, Piccadilly Circus, St. Jame´s Palace, 10 Downing Street, The Tames, Trafalgar Square and even Hard rock Cafe.
Elizabeth II. -Today Elizabeth II.is reigning in London Born:1926 Reigned from:1952 -Elder daughter of King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth. -In 1947 married Prince Philip of Greece (The Prince Philip of Edinburgh); -The Prince Charles is the eldest of their four children-Crowened in Westminister Abbey on II. June 1953
The Throne room- was used by Elizabeth II., Duke of Edinburg at the Queen´s coronation in 1953