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1 Type 2 Type 3 Type Conditional Types 0 Type Mixed Present, Real Future, Real Present/Future, Unreal Past, Unreal
Zero Conditional Factual conditionals express general truths, habits, and logical possibilities Present or past in both clauses IF Present / Past Simple Present / Past Simple If I like a project, I generate ideas easily. If I liked a project I generated ideas easily.
First Conditional Future conditionals Express conditions and results in the future. IF Present Simple Future Simple If I like a project, I will generate ideas easily.
second Conditional Present/Future unreal conditionals Are used to talk about conditions that are not true in the present (will not be true in the future) and about the imagined results of these conditions. IF Past Simple would/ could/ might If I liked the project, I would generate ideas easily.
Second Conditional NB! If – were I you he she IF it we they Were If I were you, I would tell him the truth. In your shoes, I would tell him the truth.
third Conditional Past unreal conditionals. Are used to talk about conditions that were not true in the past and they express the imagined result of an imagined condition in the past. IF Past Perfect would/ could/ might + have + V(ed,III) If I had liked the project, I would have generated ideas easily.
Mixed Conditionals All types of conditionals can be mixed. Any tense combination is possible if the context allows it. If Clause Main Clause Type 2 If they were working all day, (They were working all day They will be tired now. (So they are tired now) Type 1 Type 2 If I were you, (You are not me) If he were a better driver, (He is not a better driver) I would have accepted the job. (So you didn’t accept the job) He wouldn’t have crashed the car. (So he crashed the car) Type 3 Type 3 If she had finished earlier (She didn’t finish earlier) She would go to the party tonight. (So she isn’t going) Type 2
WISH / IF ONLY CLAUSES Wish and if only can be used with would and past tenses. These structures express regrets, and wishes for unlikely or impossible things. If only is more emphatic. 1. Past tenses are used to talk about the present. I wish I was better looking I wish I spoke French Don’t you wish you could fly? If only I knew more people! Were can be used instead of was, especially in a formal style. He wishes he were better looking. 2. We use a past perfect tense to express regrets about the past I wish you hadn’t said that. Now she wishes she had gone to university. If only she hadn’t told the police, everything would be all right. 3. We use would or could... 1. to talk about future things which aren’t very probable. I wish / If only I could go to the party. 2. to talk about future things that we would like people (not) to do. The subject of wish and the main verb is different. So here we only use would. This often expresses dissatisfaction or annoyance: It can sound critical. I wish you would go home. If only the postman would come! We can use this structure to talk about things as well as people. I wish this damned car would start. If only it would stop raining!