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Stephen William Hawking (born 8 January 1942) is an English theoretical physicist and cosmologist, whose scientific books and public appearances have made him an academic celebrity.
He is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts , a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciencesi In 2009 was awarded the Presidential Medal of freedom, the highest civilian award in the United States.
Hawking was the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge for thirty years, taking up the post in 1979 and retiring on 1 October 2009
He is also a Fellow of Gonville and Cais College Cambridge and a Distinguished Research Chair at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo, Ontario
Early life and education Stephen Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 to Dr. Frank Hawking, a research biologist, and Isobel Hawking. He had two younger sisters, Philippa and Mary, and an adopted brother, Edward
Though Hawking's parents were living in North London, they moved to Oxford while his mother was pregnant with Stephen, desiring a safer location for the birth of their first child
Career in theoretical physics Almost as soon as he arrived at Cambridge, he started developing symptoms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis a type of motor neurone disease which would cost him almost all neuromuscular control
Illness Stephen Hawking is severely disabled by a motor neurone disease known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
Hawking's illness is markedly different from typical ALS in that his form of ALS would make for the most protracted case ever documented.
1975 Eddington Medal 1976 Hughes Medal of the Royal Society 1979 Albert Einstein Medal 1981 Franklin Medal
1982 Order of the British Empire (Commander) 1985 Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society 1986 Member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences
1989 Companion of Honour 1999 Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize of the American Physical Society 2003 Michelson Morley Award of Case Western Reserve University
2006 Copley Medal of the Royal Society 2008 Fonseca Price of the University of Santiago de Compostela 2009 Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honour in the United States
A Brief History of Time (1991) Stephen Hawking's Universe (1997) Horizon: The Hawking Paradox (2005
Masters of Science Fiction (2007) Stephen Hawking: Master of the Universe (2008) Into The Universe with Stephen Hawking(2010)