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Words ending in -ing We often use verbs that end in –ing. She is studying in the library. The smiling boy waved at me. Spelling –ing words is easy.
The Rules It’s easy to spell words ending in -ing correctly. You can learn to do it in just a few minutes! There are only 4 simple rules: 1. + ing 2. -e + ing 3. ie y + ing 4. x2 + ing
-e + ing If the base form of the verb ends in a single e, delete the e and add ing. smile smiling live living dance dancing
ie y + ing If the base form of the verb ends with ie, change the ie to y and add -ing. die dying tie tying
x2 + ing If 1) the last 3 letters of the base form of the verb are consonant-vowel-consonant and 2) the stress is on the final (or only) syllable, double the final consonant and add –ing. stop stopping plan planning
x2 + ing (continued) admit admitting prefer preferring Compare when the stress is NOT on the final syllable: listen listening The final –l is always doubled in British English, but not in American English: travel travelling (British) travel traveling (American)
x2 + ing (continued) Do not double the final consonants -x, -w, or –y. fix fixing snow snowing stay staying