X Код для використання на сайті:
Ширина px

Скопіюйте цей код і вставте його на свій сайт

X Для завантаження презентації, скористайтесь соціальною кнопкою для рекомендації сервісу SvitPPT Завантажити собі цю презентацію

Презентація на тему:
Alexandra Mikhailovna Kollontai

Завантажити презентацію

Alexandra Mikhailovna Kollontai

Завантажити презентацію

Презентація по слайдам:

Слайд 1

Alexandra Mikhailovna Kollontai  (March 31 , 1872 – March 9, 1952)

Слайд 2

Aleksandra Mikhaylovna Kollontai was a Russian revolutionary, feminist and the first Soviet female diplomat

Слайд 3

Alexandra Mikhailovna Domontovich was born on March 31 , 1872 in St. Petersburg Alexandra's mother, Alexandra Androvna Masalina-Mravinskaia Her father, General  Мikhail Alekseevich Domontovich

Слайд 4

Alexandra Mikhailovna — or "Shura" as she was called growing up — was close to her father with whom she shared an analytical bent and an interest in history and politics. Her relationship with her mother, for whom she was named, was more complex. She later recalled: "My mother and the English nanny who reared me were demanding. There was order in everything: to tidy up toys myself, to lay my underwear on a little chair at night, to wash neatly, to study my lessons on time, to treat the servants with respect. Mama demanded this."

Слайд 5

Alexandra was a good student growing up, sharing her father's interest in history, and mastering a range of languages. She spoke French with her mother and sisters, English with her nanny, Finnish with the peasants at a family estate inherited from her mother's father in Kuusa ,and was a student of German. Alexandra thought to continue her schooling at a university, but her mother refused her permission, arguing that women had no real need for higher education, and that impressionable youngsters encountered too many dangerous radical ideas at universities in any event. Instead, Alexandra was to be allowed to take an exam to gain certification as a school teacher before making her way into society to find a husband, as was the custom

Слайд 6

In 1890 or 1891, Alexandra, aged around 19, met her future husband Vladimir Ludvigovich Kollontai, and married in 1893. Alexandra became pregnant soon after her marriage and bore a son, Mikhail, in 1894. In her autobiography Alexandra admitted that she "married early, partly as a protest against the will of my parents". Alexandra left her husband after three years of marriage. 1897:With husbund Vladimir and son Misha

Слайд 7

She became a member of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, aged 27, in 1899. She was a witness of the popular rising in 1905 known as Bloody Sunday, at Saint Petersburg in front of the Winter Palace. 1905: Potrait of Kollontai

Слайд 8

In 1904, she joined the Bolshevik faction and conducted classes on Marxism for it. In 1905, she joined with Leon Trotsky in pressing for a more positive attitude toward the newly-emerged Soviets and in pressing for unity of the party factions. She became treasurer of the St. Petersburg Social Democratic Committee.

Слайд 9

Between 1900 and 1917 Kollontai participated in the revolutionary underground in Russia, but mostly she lived abroad, where she made her reputation as a theoretician of Marxist feminism. In the prerevolutionary period Kollontai also became known as a skilled journalist and orator. She was aMenshevik, but in 1913, when Bolsheviks Konkordia Samoilova, Inessa Armand, and Nadezhda Krupskaya launched a newspaper aimed at working-class women, they invited Kollontai to be a contributor. She responded enthusiastically.

Слайд 10

In 1918 she married Pavel Dybenko, the handsome leader of the Baltic Fleet sailors; they separated in 1922

Слайд 11

She visited the United States in 1916 and edited, with Bukharin, the Communist daily Novy Mir [new world] in New York City. In 1917 she returned to Russia to take part in the Bolshevik Revolution. In 1920 she became people's commissar for social welfare. She was a leader of the "Workers' Opposition" that opposed party and government control of trade unions; this position was defeated by Lenin in 1921.

Слайд 12

Kollontai joined the people's commissariat for foreign affairs and became (1923) minister to Norway-the first woman to hold that diplomatic rank

Слайд 13

This included periods in Norway (1923-25), (1927-30)

Слайд 14

Mexico (1925-27) 1926: Witt Mexico President Elias Calles

Слайд 15

After several ministerial appointments she became (1930) minister to Sweden and remained there until 1945.

Слайд 16

Kollantai retired in 1945 and lived in Moscow until her death on 9th March, 1952.

Слайд 17

Alexandra Kollontai died March 9, 1952, less than a month away from her 80th birthday. Grave of Kollontai at the Njvodevichy Cemistry in Moscow.

Слайд 18

Awards Order of Lenin (1933) Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1945) Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav (Norwegian highest award at the time) Order of the Aztec Eagle (1944)

Завантажити презентацію

Схожі презентації

Презентації по предмету Англійська мова