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Phonetic drill Let’s practice some sounds - [æ], [ı], [ŋ], [ә]. City (by Langston Hughes) In the morning the city In the evening the city Spreads its wings Goes to bed Making a song Hanging lights In stone that sings About its head
How do you think? What is travelling for you? Do you like to travel? Do you agree that the best way to study geography is to travel? Who can help us with transport and planning our vocations? What means of transport can you travel by? What photos can you take while travelling? Why do people take photos?
Step 1. Complete this spider gram using the words from the box. Driver, customs officer, tour, voyage, flight, train, coach, plane, waiting room, toilet, ticket office, platform, pilot, trip, van, bus, information desk. TRAVELLING Journeys __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vehicles __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Rail Travel __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ People __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Step 2. Match the verbs with the expressions they can go with. To go exotic places To sit sightseeing To click on the beach To see a camera To take the sights To travel photos To fly around the town To visit by plane
Step 3. In each line there is one noun which does not go with the verb. Which one? To ride a car, a plane, a train, a bus To ride a bike, a boat, a horse, a camel To go by bus, foot, car, helicopter To get into/get out of a motorbike, a taxi, a car, a lorry
Step 5. Complete these sentences using the verbs in the brackets in Past Simple, Present Perfect or Future Simple. My uncle __________ (go) to Africa in 2000. I ______ never _______ (be) to New Zealand . Matt ___________ (fly) to Australia three years ago. Fred _____ just _______ (come back) from Egypt. They _____ (go) windsurfing in Australia next week. ______ you ever _______ (ride) a camel? The Englishman Sir Everest __________ (climb) the highest mountain Kilimanjaro many years ago. She ______ already _______ (arrive) to the station.
Step 6. Fill in the gaps with a suitable word. Moving around Millions of people all over the world ________ their holidays travelling. They want to _____ other continents and countries. It is always interesting to _______ new things, different ways of life, to _______ different people, to ______ different food, to _______ to different music. Those who live in the country prefer going to big cities and ________ museums and art galleries. City-dwellers like to laze about in the sun somewhere at the ______ or hike in the mountains and woods. Most travellers like to take _______ of all the sights they visit and the beautiful views they see to remind them of those places.
Step 7. Fill in the gaps with can or cannot. Eagles ___________ fly very fast. Donkeys ___________ move very fast. Larks ________ sing lovely songs. Lions _________ fly. Giraffes ________ sleep standing on their legs. Seagulls _______ sleep while flying. Hens _________ swim. Monkeys ________ understand the human speech.
Step 8. Country Flag Capital Largest city Official language Area Population UK Canada USA Australia
Country Flag Capital Largest city Official language Area Population UK London London English About 250 thousand square kilometers About 59 million people Canada Ottawa Toronto English and French About 10 million square kilometers About 33 million people USA Washington New York English About 9 million square kilometers About 300 million people Australia Canberra Sidney English About 8 million square kilometers About 21 million people
Step 9. Let’s watch a short video-film about UK and remember what we have learned about this country.
Step 10. LONDON SIGHTSEENG TOUR We welcome you to London. London is the capital of the UK. London is one of the largest cities in the world. London is one of the world’s largest ports. You’ll see London’s most famous sights from the top of our red double-decker.
TRAFALGAR SQUARE Trafalgar square is in the centre of the West End of London. In the centre there is Nelson’s Column with the figure of Admiral Nelson who defeated the French at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. On the north side there is the National Gallery. In the north-east corner there is the National Portrait Gallery.
ST.PAUL’S CATHEDRAL The greatest work of Christopher Wren. The Cathedral was begun in 1675 but finished only in 1710,when Wren was almost eighty years old. There are memorials to many famous men of England.
THE THAMES It is 334 km long and it runs into the sea. The English people call it “the Father of London”. There is a museum of old ships on the Thames.
TOWER BRIDGE Now we are crossing Tower Bridge over the river Thames. From here you can see The Tower of London.
BIG BEN One of the most famous clocks in the world. One can hear the sound of a bell every hour. On New Year’s night people come to the Clock Tower to see the New Year in.
WESTMINSTER ABBEY Was founded in the 11th century. Many of Great Britain’s famous men are buried here. A royal church.
THE HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT The seat of British government. The Palace of Westminster. Visitors may sit in the Stranger’s Gallery looking down into the House of Commons and listen to the debates.
Here you can see the Canadian flag and the coat of arms. Their motto – “ From sea to sea ”.
Cartier was a great explorer and it was he who named this large territory “Canada”. The word Canada means “village”. Cartier
Canada is situated to the north of the United States of America from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west. It is a very large country, larger than the USA. Its territory is about 10 million square kilometers.
Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories. The capital is Ottawa. The largest city is Toronto.
The head of Canada is Queen Elizabeth II. Here works the Canadian Parliament. Parliament Hill, Ottawa.
The territory of the USA is about 9 million square kilometers. It is washed by three oceans – Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic. There are fifty states in the country now.
Christopher Columbus discovered the New World in 1492. The Mayflower ship transported the first European settlers to America.
George Washington was the first President of the USA. Nowadays George Bush is the President of the country. The White House is the place where he works and lives.
The Capitol Building is where the members of Congress work to make the laws. The Statue of Liberty is their symbol of freedom. It is situated in New York.
Americans have only five national holidays that are celebrated in every state - New Year’s Day, Independence Day, Labour Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.
Many famous people were born in the USA: Mark Twain, Jack London, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Duke Ellington and others.
It is the smallest continent and the largest island. The name "Australia" means "Southern".
Queen Elizabeth II is the Queen of Australia. But she is represented by the Governor-General. He and the Parliament work in the Parliament House which was opened in Canberra in 1988.
Interesting fact from the history of Australia The east coast of Australia was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770.
The continent of Australia is mostly a great plain with mountains in the east and south-east.
There are many wild animals in Australia. Some of them, such as kangaroos koalas dingoes or wild dogs are not found in any other country in the world.
In the town where I was born Lived a man who sailed to sea And he told us of his life In the land of submarines So we sailed up to the sun Till we found a sea of green And we lived beneath the waves In our yellow submarine We all live in a yellow submarine Yellow submarine, yellow submarine We all live in a yellow submarine Yellow submarine, yellow submarine And our friends are all aboard Many more of them live next door And the band begins to play We all live in a yellow submarine Yellow submarine, yellow submarine We all live in a yellow submarine Yellow submarine, yellow submarine As we live a life of ease Every one of us has all we need Sky of blue and sea of green In our yellow submarine We all live in a yellow submarine Yellow submarine, yellow submarine We all live in a yellow submarine Yellow submarine, yellow submarine Yellow submarine Step 14.