The Nobel PrizeЗавантажити презентацію
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Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) was born in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 21, 1833. He was fluent in several languages, and wrote poetry and drama. Nobel was also very interested in social and peace-related issues. Biographical Accounts
Andriette Nobel Alfred's mother, born Andriette Ahlsell, came from a wealthy family. In 1837 Immanuel Nobel and his family left Stockholm to start a new career in Russia. To support the family, Andriette Nobel started a grocery store which provided a modest income. Alfred’s mother
The invention was made in 1866. Alfred got a patent or legal right of ownership on this material the next year. He named it "dynamite." He also invented a detonator or blasting cap which could be set off by lighting a fuse.
"Wealthy, highly-educated elderly gentleman seeks lady, versed in languages, as secretary." The most qualified applicant turned out to be a woman, Bertha Kinsky. After working a very short time for Nobel she decided to marry Arthur von Suttner. In spite of this Alfred Nobel and Bertha von Suttner remained friends. Over the years Bertha von Suttner became a prominent figure in the peace movement. No doubt this influenced Alfred Nobel when he wrote his final will which was to include a Prize for persons who promoted peace. Several years after the death of Alfred Nobel, the Norwegian Storting (Parliament) decided to award the 1905 Nobel Peace Prize to Bertha von Suttner.
When Nobel's will was made known after his death in San Remo on 10 December 1896, this immediately created a great international sensation.