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The geographical map of the USA

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The geographical map of the USA

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Слайд 1

The geographical map of the USA

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- Geography - History - States - cities - sights The lesson in the form of slide - lecture for the 10th form Creator: Udartseva E.Y. – an english teacher Bayevo - 2007

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Fact files: Official name: The United States of America Status: A federal republic, a union of 50 states Area: 9,364,000 squ. km. Population: about 250 mln. people (2006) Capital: Washington, D.C.

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Who discovered America? The answer is: nobody knows. North America may have been discovered by Vikings under Leif Eriksson, but Europeans didn’t know about its existence until Columbus’ voyages. In 1492 three ships- the “Santa Maria”, the “Pinta”, the “Nine” under Columbus landed the continent. In 1507 Amerigo Vespucci explored the area of South America and introduced a new land to the world. This continent was called after him - “America”.

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Some facts from the history of The USA: In 1620 the first people from England arrived in America. They left England because of religious problems. In 1776 after the war with Britain, America became an independent country. Americans wrote the Declaration of the Independence and designed a new flag – The Stars and Stripes. 4th July – The Day of Independence (a national holiday) After the war in 1861-1865 between the northern and the southern states (south lost) the government stopped slavery . 1969 – the first people on the moon were three astronauts: Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, Ed Collins.

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Nationalities: white Americans - 83,5 % Africans - 12,4% immigrants from Asia - 3,3% native Americans (Indians, Aleuts, Eskimos) – 0,8 %

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Natural sights of the USA The Niagara Falls – a waterfalls on the river Niagara (51 meters high). It is situated on the boarder between the USA and Canada. The waterfalls was discovered by the expedition of R. Lassal. There is always a rainbow over it.

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The Mississippi – “Old man river” together with its tributaries the Missouri and the Ohio is the longest river in the world. The history of this river is described in the book “Life on the Mississippi” by M. Twain.

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The USA is divided into 50 states. Hawaii became the 50th state in 1959. Alaska is separated from Russia by the Bering Strait. It is the biggest and the coldest state of the country. Each of the states has its own capital, government and symbol. What is special about Hawaii and Alaska ?