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Oscar Wilde was an Anglo-Irish playwright, novelist, poet, and critic. He is regarded as one of the greatest playwrights of the Victorian Era.
Birth name: Oscar Fingal O`FlahertieWills Wilde Birth date: October 16, 1854 Birth place: Dublin, Ireland Nationality: Irish
Educated: Trinity College (Dublin), Magdalen College (Oxford) Father: Sir William Wilde (eye doctor) Mother: Jane Francesca Elgee (poet and journalist) Siblings: brother William, sister Isola Spouse: Constance Lloyd Children: two sons - Cyril and Vyvyan Occupation: Playwright, novelist, poet, editor, critic Period: Victorian era (1837–1901) Literary movement: Aestheticism Oscar Wilde at Oxford
1854 Born in Dublin 1864 - 1871 Attends Portora Royal School, Enniskillen 1871 - 1874 Attends Trinity College, Dublin 1874 - 1879 Attends Magdalen College, Oxford 1878 Wins New digate Prize for Ravenna (poem) 1881 Publishes his first collection of poetry – Poems 1882 Lectures in the United States and Canada. Writes his first play - Vera, or the Nihilists (was not a success) 1883 Lectures in Britain and Ireland. Writes his second unsuccessful play, The Duchess of Padua
1884 Marries Constance Lloyd 1885 His son, Cyril, is born 1886 His son, Vyvyan, is born 1887-1889 Edits Womans World magazine 1888 Publishes The Happy Prince and Other Tales 1889 -1890 Publishes several essays 1891 Publishes two collections of short stories – Lord Arthur Saviles Crime and other Stories, and A House of Pomegranates. Publishes The Picture of Dorian Gray, his first and only novel. Begins his friendship with Lord Alfred Douglas – Bosie.
1892 Writes two plays: Lady Windermere's Fan (great success) and Salome 1893 Writes A Woman of No Importance 1894 Writes The Importance of Being Earnest 1895 Writes An ldeal Husband. At the height of his theatrical success, he sues Bosie`s father for libel, which leads to his own arrest for homosexual offenses. He is found guilty for the crime of sodomy and sentenced to two years of hard labor. 1897 While in prison, he writes De Profundis 1898 Writes his best known poem, The Ballad of Reading Gaol. His wife, Constance, dies. 1900 Dies of cerebral meningitis in Paris.
Literary Works 1878: Ravenna 1881: Poems 1888: The Happy Prince and Other Tales 1889: The Decay of Lying 1891: The Picture of Dorian Gray 1891: Lord Arthur Savile’s Crime and Other Stories 1891: Intentions 1891: Salome
1892: The House of Pomegranates 1892: Lady Windermere’s Fan 1893: A Woman of No Importance 1893: The Duchess of Padua 1894: The Sphinx 1895: An Ideal Husband 1895: The Importance of Being Earnest 1898: The Ballad of Reading Gaol