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Anne Frank A smiling girl of the gloomy time… Despite everything, I believe that people are really good at heart.
What country was her family from? Anne Marie Frank was born on June 12, 1929 in Frankfurt Am Main, Germany. She was a happy baby, and the second child of Edith and Otto Frank. But what Anne didn’t know was the terrible political climate outside the boundaries of her rich, green backyard.
Why did they move to the Netherlands in 1933? Pretty soon, Otto thought it became too dangerous for the Frank Family to live in Germany. As German as they felt, they were also Jewish. And with Hitler and his army, Jewish, was very dangerous to be. In 1933, the Franks moved to the Netherlands.
How did Anne study at school? For Anne, it was very easy to make friends. She loved school, and talked a lot. Anne was very chatty. In fact, she was often told by her teacher to write short stories in school, that were often humorous. Anne got good grades, but her biggest problem was algebra.
What was ‘Kitty’? On June 12, 1942, it was Anne’s birthday. She woke up very early to open up her presents. The first gift she opened was a red and white checkered diary. She also got a blue blouse, flowers, chocolate, and more, but the diary caught most of her attention. She screamed with excitement, running to her father, hugging him. She named her diary ‘Kitty’. Her first entry: “I hope I shall be able to confide in you completely, as I have never been able to do in anyone before, and I hope that you will be a great support and comfort to me.”
Why did the family eventually go into hiding? On July 6th 1942, Anne and her family had to go into hiding, for fear that they might be sent to a concentration camp by the Germans. For over 2 years, Anne wrote about her life and those of seven other people in hiding with her, including her parents and her sister. She also wrote about the war, and what her hopes were for the future.
Discovery … One peaceful morning at around 10:30 A.M. On August 4, 1944 , a large group came up the stairs of the annex. It was gestapo, who frightened the family. They asked for any valuables, and told the Franks and van Pelses to pack. Someone had betrayed them!!
Where was Anne and her sister Margot sent? The Franks were sent to Westerbork, their first concentration camp. It would be the best camp anyone imprisoned could go to. But, they realized that it was actually a transit camp. Every Tuesday thousands of trains were sent to other concentration camps, while passengers did not know where they were going. On one unlucky Tuesday the Franks were sent to Auschwitz. That was the last train to leave Westerbork before it was liberated…
What were the circumstances of Anne and Margot’s deaths? In November of 1944, Anne and Margot saw their mother for the last time. They were sent to another concentration camp, Bergen-Belsen. This would be the worst for them. When they arrived, they were frightened, sick, and were tired. The sisters lost hope, as they grew weaker and weaker. Margot was one day too sick to get up. In between April-May 1945, Margot Frank died.
Anne was slightly stronger, but truly knew she was alone. Without family, without her diary Kitty, she had nothing. Typhus epidemic grew wider, and Anne already had it, just to make her loose her will to live. But what she didn’t know was that her school friend, Hanneli Goslar, was over the fence of Bergen- Belsen. That made Anne a little happy, but still not enough to make her smile
. Hanneli Goslar remembers: “ ‘I have nothing.’ Anne said. I threw her a package over the fence (filled with socks and fruit) and then I hear she’s crying. What happened? Another hungry lady grabbed the package, and ran away with it. We met two days later, and she caught the package…..but this was the last time we could speak.” A couple of days later, Anne Frank died.
Otto wanted to find out something about his two daughters. The news that he’d finally got were horrible : his two daughters were dead. When the families were arrested, Gestapo threw Anne’s diary on the floor. When Gestapo left, Miep picked the diary up, so Anne would be happy to have it back when she returned. Miep opened a drawer, and picked out Anne’s diary. She handed it to Otto, and said, “This is Anne’s legacy to you.”
And finally I twist my heart round again, so that the bad is on the outside and the good is on the inside, and keep on trying to find a way of becoming what I would so like to be, and could be, if there weren't any other people living in the world.
I simply can't build my hopes on a foundation of confusion, misery and death... I think... peace and tranquility will return again.
I must uphold my ideals, for perhaps the time will come when I shall be able to carry them out.
“How wonderful it is that nobody need wait a single moment before starting to improve the world.”
World War II lasted about six years. Over 6,000,000 Jews were killed by the Nazis in the concentration and death camps during the Holocaust! This was established by the Nuremberg tribunal in 1946.