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Thomas Jefferson (April, 13 1743 - July 4, 1826) American Founding Father The principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776) The third President of the US (1801-1809)
Early life and career The third of ten children; - Jeffersons relocated to Tuckahoe (1745); - Thomas inherited approximately 5,000 acres of land ( including Monticello and between 20 and 40 slaves) after father’s death; - He took control of the property after he came of age at 21.
Education Jefferson began his childhood education under the direction of tutors at Tuckahoe along with the Randolph children. began studying Latin, Greek, and French; he learned to ride horses, and began to appreciate the study of nature At age 16, Jefferson entered the Collage of William & Mary in Williamsburg. Jefferson read law while working as a law clerk for Wythe he also read a wide variety of English classics and political works He collected and accumulated thousands of books for his library at Monticello.
Marriage and family Jefferson married the 23-year-old widow Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson played the violin and Martha was an accomplished piano player Martha bore six children . A few months after the birth of her last child, Martha died. Jefferson was was distraught after her death Jefferson never remarried
Declaration of Independence Jefferson served as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress beginning in June 1775. Jefferson and Adams established a friendship that would last the rest of their lives; it led to the drafting of Jefferson to write the declaration of independence. After voting in favor of the resolution of independence on July 2, Congress turned its attention to the declaration The Declaration would eventually be considered one of Jefferson's major achievements; his preamble has been considered an enduring statement of human rights
Democracy Jefferson is often cited as an important figure in early American democracy Jefferson envisioned democracy as an expression of society as a whole, and that he called for national self-determination, cultural uniformity, and education of all the people Jefferson believed that public education and a free press were essential to a democratic nation