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The “Troubles” Ethno-political conflict in Northern Ireland(Ulster): Great Britain Local right-wing radical nationalists V S
GREAT BRITAIN (majority - protestants): British police Ulster police Ulster royalists NORTHERN IRELAND (majority -catholics): Irish nationalists (IRA) V S
It all has began a long time ago… Ireland became to dependence of Britain in XVI century. There had been started a confiscation of Irish lands and giving it for english settlers. There were no respect for irish people.
In 1801 Ireland became a part of kingdom… but there were no changes in their politics. oppressions + crop failure + famine = NUMEROUS ARMED REBELLIONS
1913 – appearance of new national-militaristic organization called irish volunteers, later – Irish Republican Army (IRA). With their help several times there were formed a republic. This had led to disaffection of Britain. So the conflict turned into the war…
Irish War of Independence 1919-1921 21.01.1919 – Irish Republic Acts of terror, sabotage against british police. 10.03.1920 – splint of Ireland: Southern Ireland (Sinn Fein) and Northern Ireland ( Ulster's nationalists) 6.12.1921 – recognizing Irish Republic by Britain; Northern Ireland remained the part of Britain, but people of NI were against it.
In Northern Ireland (by IRA) continued revolts, which were punished brutally with English police, especially at the end of 50th-end of 60th. In 1969 Britain sent its forces to Ulster. In had sharpen contradictions, also with catholic increasing awareness. But solving crisis obstructed radial parts of IRA (from 1970 – Timely IRA).
NOWDAYS Undergrounded actions of right-wing radicals Clashes Religional and ethnical inequality Intolerance