The Old New Year
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There are 365 days in a calendar year. A solar year is actually 365, 2421999 days. Because of this difference, every fourth year is a leap year with an extra day at the end of February.
How are these people related to the Old New Year? Julius Caesar The Roman Emperor Pope Gregory XIII
The Roman emperor Julius Caesar introduced the Julian calendar in 45BC. According to the calendar it has 365days with a leap year of 366 days. The Julian calendar is not perfect because it falls behind the solar year by about one day per century. Months(Roman) Lengthsbefore45 BC Lengthsasof45 BC Months(English) Ianuarius 29 31 January Februarius 28 (leap years: 23 or 24) 28 (leapyears: 29) February Mercedonius/Intercalaris 0 (leap years: 27) (abolished) — Martius 31 31 March Aprilis 29 30 April Maius 31 31 May Iunius 29 30 June Quintilis(Iulius) 31 31 July Sextilis(Augustus) 29 31 August September 29 30 September October 31 31 October November 29 30 November December 29 31 December
In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII introduced the Gregorian calendar which corrects the Julian calendar by making most years (1700, 1800, 1900) normal years of 365 days. The Gregorian calendar omits century years which are not divisible by 400.
To correct this, the date jumped from 31st January 1918 to 14th February. Happy Old New Year! Russia began to use the Gregorian calendar on 26th January, 1918. By this time, the Julian calendar was 13 days behind the solar year.
The Russian Orthodox Church still uses the Julian calendar. Wish you lots of love, joy and happiness!
The New Year by the Julian calendar is still informally observed, and the tradition of celebrating the coming of the New Year twice is widely enjoyed: January 1 (New New Year) and January 14 (Old New Year). Usually not as festive as the New New Year, for many this is a nostalgic family holiday ending the New Year holiday cycle (which includes Eastern Orthodox Christmas on January 7) with traditional large meals and singing. May your world be filled with warmth and good cheer throughout the year!