"The Bronte Sisters"Завантажити презентацію
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Brontë, family of English novelists, including Charlotte Brontë, 1816–55, English novelist Emily Jane Brontë, 1818–48, English novelist and poet Anne Brontë, 1820–49, English novelist.
The three sisters, born in Thornton, Yorkshire, the children of Patrick Brontë, an Irish Anglican clergyman, and his wife, Maria Branwell. The family moved a few miles to Haworth, where Patrick had been appointed Perpetual Curate. The major event of their young lives were the death of her mother in 1821, leaving five daughters and a son to be taken care of by her sister Elizabeth Branwell.
Novels Jane Eyre, published 1847 Shirley, published 1849 Villette, published 1853 The Professor, written before Jane Eyre and rejected by many publishing houses, was published in 1857 Emma, unfinished
Charlotte Brontë was born on 21 April 1816, third of the six children of Brontë family. In 1824, Charlotte and her two older sisters, Maria and Elizabeth, were sent to the newly-opened Cowan Bridge Clergy Daughters' School. Conditions there were bad even by the standards of the time, and it was not long before both Maria and Elizabeth became ill enough to be sent home, where they both died of consumption in the spring of 1825. Patrick brought Charlotte and her younger sister Emily, who had recently joined them at the school, back home as soon as the other girls became ill. The surviving kids all became each others' best friends and they began to write about an imaginary world they had created.
In May 1846, Charlotte, Emily and Anne published a joint collection of poetry. Although only two copies were sold, the sisters continued writing for publication and began their first novels. Charlotte's novel of this time, The Professor, was actually rather bad. In August of 1846 Charlotte began work on Jane Eyre, which was published in 1847, This success was followed up by tragedy, however. In September 1848, Branwell died, probably due to his extrememly heavy drinking; this was closely followed by Emily's death in December, and the following year Anne died. The identity of the sisters as authors was at first unknown even to their publishers. It was not until after the publication of Charlotte's Shirley in 1849 that the truth was made public.