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Picasso was born October 25, 1881 in Málaga, Spain. His father was a painter and art professor. Pablo showed artistic talent from a very early age – his first word was the spanish for “pencil”. At age 13, his father convinced the school of fine arts to take him on as a student and rented him a room so that he could have somewhere he could be alone to paint.
After studying at the best art school in Spain,picasso traveled to Paris. He stayed there and lived among a group of fellow artists, poets and writers, most of whom became famous. He was very poor, sometimes burning his paintings to keep warm. In 1905, he became a favorite of an influential american art patron living in Paris, Gertrude Stein. She would help launch his career.
Portrait of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler (1910) kahnweiler was an art dealer who was an early believer in Picasso’s talent Picasso lived through World War I, the Spanish Civil War, and World War II, refusing to fight for any side or country. In 1944, he joined the communist party, although he had some differences with them and was never an ardent communist. Picasso had many relationships over his lifetime with different women. He married twice and had four children with three different women.
Picasso’s work is sorted into “periods”. Each period is distinctive for the style, mood, and colors he used. His Blue Period is full of sad, serious paintings mostly done in blues and greens. The figures in these paintings look thin and hungry. Femme aux Bras Croisés (1902) The Old Guitarist (1903)
His Rose Period was a bit more upbeat, using oranges and pinks and featuring many circus people and acrobats. Harlequins would become a symbol for Picasso that would repeat in his paintings for years. Friendship (1908) Boy with a Pipe (1905)
The Guitar painter (1910) Along with fellow painter George Braque, Picasso pioneered a new style of painting called “Cubism”. The artists analyzed subjects and broke them down into the shapes that composed them. Sometimes they cut up pieces of newspaper or wallpaper and glued them onto the paintings. This was the first time collage was used in fine art.