How to present vocabulary
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Presenting vocabulary What is presentation? How many words to present? Choice of the sequence of presentation. Means of presentation.
Presentation Those pre-planned lesson stages in which learners are taught pre-selected vocabulary items.
How many words to present? ABOUT A DOZEN ITEMS CLOTHES SOCKS A JACKET A SHIRT A SUIT JEANS A T-SHIRT BOOTS A TIE TRAINERS A DRESS SHOES A SKIRT
How to explain meaning Non-visual, verbal means of clarifying meaning include: Providing an example situation Giving several example sentences Giving synonyms, antonyms, or superordinate terms Giving a full definition
A situational presentation A situation for teaching embarrassed/embarrassing Catherine saw a man at the bus stop. His back was turned but she was sure it was her brother, so she tapped him on the shoulder with her umbrella and shouted ‘Look out! The police are after you!’ The man turned around. He was a complete stranger. SHE WAS TERRIBLY EMBARRASSED. IT WAS A VERY EMBARRASSING EXPERIENCE. ( from O’Neill R, English in Situations, OUP)
Example sentences Fancy 1.He’s really nice, but I don’t fancy him. 2.I fancy eating out tonight. Don’t you? 3. Do you fancy a cup of coffee? 4. Fancy a drink? 5. That guy on the dance floor- he really fancies himself. 6.I never really fancied package holidays much.
Synonyms, antonyms, superordinate terms Synonym- ‘fancy’ – ‘like’ Antonym – ‘outgoing’- ‘shy, introverted’ Superordinate term – a ‘herring’ is a kind of fish
Definitions A conventional dictionary. Petrify v. 1. v. change into stone; (fig.) paralyse or stupefy with astonishment, terror, etc.,( petrified with fear etc.); deprive( mind, doctrine, etc.) of vitality. 2.turn into stone (lit. or fig.). From the Concise Oxford Dictionary A learner’s dictionary. Petrify , petrifies, petrif1ying, petrified. 1. If something petrifies you , it makes you to feel very frightened indeed, perhaps so frightened that you cannot move. 2. When something dead petrifies, it gradually changes into stone. 3. If something such as a society or institution petrifies or something else petrifies it, it ceases to change and develop; a formal use.
Conclusions The number of words is constrained by factors such as word difficulty, but need not be limited to only a few words; Establishing the meaning of a new word first and then presenting its form is a standard approach Translation is an economical way but may not be the most memorable Illustrating is effective but limited to certain kinds of words Explaining verbally is time-consuming but should be clear and simple The spoken form can be highlighted through the giving of clear models, the use of phonemic script, and repetition The written form should should not be withheld too long Learners should be actively involved in the presentation