Non-Verbal communicationЗавантажити презентацію
Презентація по слайдам:
NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATION in English speaking countries Выполнила Широкобрюхова О.В. Учитель английского языка
In essence, this underscores the importance of non-verbal communication. Non-verbal communication is especially significant in intercultural situations. Probably non-verbal differences account for typical difficulties in communicating. The most basic form of communication is non-verbal. Anthropologists theorize that long before human beings used words to talk things over, our ancestors communicated with one another by using their bodies. They gritted their teeth to show anger; they smiled and touched one another to indicate affection. Although we have come a long way since those primitive times, we still use non-verbal cues to express superiority, dependence, dislike, respect, love, and other feelings.
Non-verbal communication differs from verbal communication in fundamental ways. For one thing, it is less structured, which makes it more difficult to study. A person cannot pick up a book on non-verbal language and master the vocabulary of gestures, expressions, and inflections that are common in our culture. Other types of non-verbal communication, such as the meaning of colors and certain gestures, vary from culture to culture.
Definition “nonverbal communication involves those nonverbal stimuli in a communication setting that are generated by both the source (speaker) and his or her use of the environment and that have potential message value for the source or receiver (listener). It includes — but is not limited to: touch glance eye contact (gaze) volume vocal nuance proximity gestures intonation dress posture smell word choice and syntax sounds (paralanguage)
Gesture A gesture is a non-vocal bodily movement intended to express meaning. The boundary between language and gesture, or verbal and nonverbal communication, can be hard to identify.
Gestures can be also be categorized as either speech-independent or speech-related. Speech-independent gestures are dependent upon culturally accepted interpretation and have a direct verbal translation. A wave hello or a peace sign are examples of speech-independent gestures. Speech related gestures are used in parallel with verbal speech; this form of nonverbal communication is used to emphasize the message that is being communicated. Speech related gestures are intended to provide supplemental information to a verbal message such as pointing to an object of discussion.
When going on a journey we try to know as much as possible about the place of our destination. We look through weather forecasts, political news, take a phrase book. But having been ready we are disconcerted when our gestures are not understood. One and the same gestures are different in different cultures.