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NEW ZEALAND Урок-подорож В 10 класі Підготувала вчитель англійської мови Смілянської загальноосвітньої школи І-ІІІ ступенів№16 Рейнгольд М.Р.

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. **New Zealand is an island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses and numerous smaller islands. ** The indigenous Māori name for New Zealand is Aotearoa. ** New Zealand is notable for its geographic isolation: it is situated about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) southeast of Australia across the Tasman Sea. ** . The climate is mild and temperate and most of the landscape is covered by tussock grass or forests of podocarp, kauri or southern beech. ** New Zealand developed a distinctive fauna dominated by birds, a number of which became extinct after the arrival of humans and introduced mammals.

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New Zealand was settled when Eastern Polynesians arrived by canoes. New Zealand was one of the last major landmasses settled and concluded a long series of voyages. The first Europeans known to have reached New Zealand were Dutch explorer Abel Tasman and his crew in 1642. Europeans did not revisit New Zealand until 1769 when British explorer James Cook mapped almost the entire coastline. New Zealand, originally part of the colony of New South Wales, became a separate Crown colony in 1841.

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New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy. Queen Elizabeth II is the Queen of New Zealand and the head of state. The Queen is represented by the Governor-General. The Parliament of New Zealand is the supreme legislative power and consists of the Sovereign and the House of Representatives. Cabinet, led by the Prime Minister, is the highest policy-making body in government and is formed by most of the ministers

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Remember: unique species of flora and fauna. The two main types of forest are those dominated by podocarps and/or the giant kauri The forests were dominated by birds The arrival of humans, and the introduction of rats, ferrets and other mammals led to the extinction of a number of bird species. The endemic flightless kiwi is a national icon.

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English is the predominant language in New Zealand, spoken by 98 percent of the population. New Zealand English is similar to Australian English. Māori is one of New Zealand's official languages. Māori is spoken by 4.1 percent of the population. There are now Māori language immersion schools and two Māori Television channels. New Zealand Sign Language is used by approximately 28,000 people and was made New Zealand's third official language in 2006.

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Early Māori developed their own distinctive culture based on the Polynesian culture. The British and Irish immigrants brought aspects of their own culture to New Zealand. American, Australian, Asian and other European cultures have exerted influence on New Zealand. New Zealand was not known as an intellectual country. "Tall poppy syndrome“. In the 1960s as higher education became more available. Māori decorated the white wood of buildings, canoes and cenotaphs using red and black paint and painted pictures of birds, reptiles and other designs on cave walls.

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Rugby union, cricket, bowls, netball, soccer, motorsports, golf, swimming and tennis are the most popular. Думка, яка стала моїм життєвим правилом New Zealand is well known for its extreme sports, adventure tourism. The country is internationally recognised for performing well on a medals-to-population ratio at Olympic Games and Commonwealth Games

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1. Who is at the head of the country? 2. What is the capital of New Zealand? 3. Who are the natives of New Zealand? 4. What is the symbol of New Zealand? 5. Who discovered New Zealand? 6. What is the pride of every New Zealander? Which city in New Zealand is called "garden city"? 8. How do New Zealanders call themselves? What 2 big islands does New Zealandconsist of? 10. What fruit is New Zealand the world's largest producer of?