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Слайд 1

READING Lesson 14

Слайд 2

Read and translate the text Try to answer the following questions What is HIV? What is AIDS? How can you prevent HIV? HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system, the body`s natural defence system. The last stage of HIV infection is AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). People with AIDS get infections or cancers that rarely occur in healthy people. These can be deadly. * * © Л. Л. Малик, М. М. Жилавий

Слайд 3

There are 3 ways to get AIDS: The first and the most dangerous one is a sexual contact. Most people get the virus by having unprotected sex with someone who has HIV. The second way to be infected is through blood by sharing drug needles with someone who is infected with HIV. The third way is so called ``vertical``. The virus can be passed from a mother to her baby during pregnancy, birth, or breast-feeding. HIV doesn't survive well outside the body. So it cannot be spread by casual contact such as kissing, sharing drinking glasses or shaking hands with an infected person. * * © Л. Л. Малик, М. М. Жилавий

Слайд 4

Common symptoms include: Fever. Sore throat. Headache. Muscle aches and joint pain. Swollen glands (swollen lymph nodes). Skin rash. Extreme tiredness. Weight loss. Night sweats. Treatment usually keeps the virus under control and helps the immune system stay healthy. * * © Л. Л. Малик, М. М. Жилавий

Слайд 5

To stay as healthy as possible during treatment: Don't smoke. Eat a healthy, balanced diet to keep your immune system strong. Get regular exercise to reduce stress and improve the quality of your life. Don't use illegal drugs, and limit your use of alcohol. How can you prevent HIV To protect yourself and others: Practice safe sex. Don't have more than one sex partner at a time. Don't drink a lot of alcohol or use illegal drugs before sex. Don't share personal items, such as toothbrushes or razors. Never share needles or syringes with anyone. * * © Л. Л. Малик, М. М. Жилавий

Слайд 6

* * © Л. Л. Малик, М. М. Жилавий © Л. Л. Малик, М. М. Жилавий

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