History & Mystery of the English language
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The aims of the lesson: To summarize the material of the previous lessons. To learn the new words. Get the new information about the British history.
Speaking English to include – включать competition – соревнование cooperation – сотрудничество to inhabit – населять immemorial – незапамятные natives – коренные жители to invent – изобретать rune – руна contribution – вклад basic – основной to remain – оставаться to determine – определять to invade – вторгаться bath house - баня way of life – образ жизни immediately – сразу же Christianity – христианство to introduce – вводить to raid – грабить influence – влияние kingdom – королевство to describe – описывать
The History of the British Isles The British Isles have a long history. It includes war and peace, drama and tragedy, competition and cooperation with different nations.
The Celts The Celts inhabited Britain since the times immemorial. They can be called the natives of the British Isles.
The Celts The Celts invented their own written language, but instead of letters they used runes. Many places of interest, such as Stonehenge, were also built by them.
The Celts The Celtic contribution to the English language is not great. Only the basic words still remain in everyday use, such as: go, eat, drink, be, father, mother, etc. What sphere do they belong to?
The Romans They built roads, walls, schools and bath houses. And of course, collected taxes. Soon most of the Celts got used to the Roman way of life.
The Romans The Romans had brought many new words to the English language. The names of food (cherry, pear, wine), buildings (wall, street), etc. Why do the Romans build such a great number of roads?
The Anglo-Saxons The Romans left Britain in the 5th century. And immediately it was attacked by the German tribes - Angles, Saxons, Jutes.
The Anglo-Saxons The natives couldn’t defend themselves. The Germans founded the first kingdoms and lived in peace with the Celts for a few centuries.
The Anglo-Saxons The Anglo-Saxon words still remain in the English language. They mostly describe the household and family being. - Lord, lady, bread, pork, cow, etc.
The Church In the 6th century the Christianity was introduced in Britain. The new words came into the language: - angel, altar, devil, the Bible. Guess the meaning of these words!
The Vikings From the 8th century the Vikings began to raid the British Isles. Finally they even got a piece of land – the so called Danelaw.
The Vikings The words brought to the English language by the Vikings have something in common: sounds “s”, “sk”, “g”, for example: - egg, sky, ship, skirt, sea, etc.
The Normans In the 1066 AD William the Conqueror defeated the English king Harold in the battle of Hastings and became the king himself.
The Normans The Norman influence on the English language was great! A lot of words from French came into it, for example: village, army, soldier, religion, venison, beef, etc.
Choose the right answer: 1. Who invaded Britain in the 5th century? a) Romans b) Normans c) Germans 2. What was the nickname of king William? a) the Noble b) the Conqueror c) the Deer 3. The Normans came from …. a) France b) Russia c) USA d) China
Choose the right answer: 4. The Christianity was introduced in … a) 6th century b) 11th century c) 44 BC 5. The Vikings … a) raided Britain b) defended Britain 6. The runes were used by … a) the Romans b) the Normans c) the Celts