Higher Education in USA
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Higher Education in the USA Out of the more than three million students who graduate from high school each year, about one million go on for "higher education”. Simply by being admitted into one of the most respected universities in the United States, a high school graduate achieves a degree of success. A college at a leading university might receive applications from two percent of these high school graduates, and then accept only one out of every ten who apply. Successful applicants at such colleges are usually chosen on the basis of:
The system of higher education in the United States is complex. It comprises four categories of institution:
Admission to colleges and universities is by selection the results of SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test). SAT results are not the only items requested by institutions of higher education. Most schools will ask for
The course of studies usually lasts four years for Bachelor’s Degree. Students are classified as freshmen, sophomors juniors seniors A freshman is a first-year student a sophomor - a second-year student a junior - a third year student a senior - a fourth-year student.
Some students receive scholarships which pay all or part of their tuition. A person on such a fellowship is called a university fellow.
Any of these institutions, in any category, might be either public or private, depending on the source of its funding. There is no clear or inevitable distinction in terms of quality of education offered between the institutions, which are publicly or privately funded. However, this is not to say that all institutions enjoy equal prestige, nor that there are no material differences among them.