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Talking about the British painters' contribution to the world of cultural heritage, we usually recall such artists as Hogarth, Gainsborough, Reynolds, Constable, Turner. These are the painters of truly international standing. John Constable and William Turner were the greatest representatives of the Golden age of English landscape.
William Hogarth (10 November 1697 – 26 October 1764) was a major English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic and editorial cartoonist who has been credited with pioneering western sequential art. His work ranged from realistic portraiture to comic strip-like series of pictures called "modern moral subjects". Much of his work poked fun at contemporary politics and customs; illustrations in such style are often referred as "Hogarthian".
William and Jane Hogarth’s tomb Farewell great Painter of Mankind Who reache’d the noblest point of Art Whose pictur’d Morals charm the Mind And throuh the Eye correct the Heart. If Genius fire thee, Reader stay, If Nature touch thee, drop a Tear. If niether move thee, Turn away. For Hogarth’s honour’d dust lies here.
Sir Joshua Reynolds (16 July 1723 – 23 February 1792) was an influential 18th century English painter, specialising in portraits and promoting the "Grand Style" in painting which depended on idealisation of the imperfect. He usually painted his characters in heroic style and showed them as the best people of the nation. He was one of the founders and first President of the Royal Academy.
Thomas Gainsborough (born 14 May 1727 – died 2 August 1788) was one of the most famous portrait and landscape painters of 18th century of Britain. His portraits are painted in clear tones. His works contain much poetry and music. He is sometimes considered the forerunner of the impressionists.
Joseph Mallord William Turner He was born on 23d April in 1775 in London. His father was the owner of a small barber's shop, mother died insane. He painted waves and storms, clouds and mists with a great skills. Victorian England which found it more important that a man be a gentleman in the past place and only in the second a genius, never forgave him.
John Constable (11 June 1776 – 31 March 1837) was an English Romantic painter. Born in Suffolk, he is known principally for his landscape paintings of Dedham Vale, the area surrounding his home—now known as "Constable Country. Although his paintings are now among the most popular and valuable in British art, he was never financially successful and did not become a member of the establishment until. He was elected to the Royal Academy at the age of 52. He sold more paintings in France than in his native England.
Painting of old masters is one of the greatest treasures mankind has collected in the history of its civilization. Old painting reflects the collective experience of human spiritual life of many centuries.