Презентація по слайдам:
Classification climate by Koppen (marking letters): A - tropical and equatorial B - dry, sub-equatorial, tropical C - temperate, subtropical and continental D - continental subarctic (boreal) E - arctic, subarctic, arctic Af - climate rainforest Aw - savannah climate BS - steppe climate BW - desert climate Cs - moderately warm climate with dry summers (Mediterranean) Cw - moderately warm climate with dry winters Cf - moderately warm climate with a uniform moisture Ds - moderately cold climate with dry summers Dw - moderately cold climate with dry winters Df - moderately cold climate with a uniform moisture ET - tundra climate EF - climate permanent frost
Additional letters (third - for the warmest, the fourth - for the coldest month of the year) i - the strongest heat: 35 ° C and above h - very hot: 28 - 35 ° C a - hot: 23 - 28 ° C b - warm: 18 - 23 ° C l - medium: 10 - 18 ° C k - cool: 0 - 10 ° C o - cold: -10 - 0 ° C c - very cold: -25 - 10 ° C d - painfully cold: -40 - 25 ° C e - permafrost: -40 ° C and below
For example: BWhl (Aswan, Egypt) - desert climate with temperatures July 28-35 ° C, and in January: 10 - 18 ° C Dfbo (Moscow, Russia) - moderately cold (continental) with a temperature of July 18 - 23 ° C, and in January: -10 - 0 ° C Cshk (Istanbul, Turkey) - Mediterranean climate with a temperature of July 28 - 35 ° C, and in January 0 - 10 ° C
Interesting story July 26, 1753, Professor George Richman in St. Petersburg was fatally struck by lightning during a thunderstorm in the study of atmospheric current.
Interesting story Scientist Robert FitzRoy committed suicide after a failed composite weather.
Interesting story Legionnaire Alexander Macedonian were surprised when they saw how Tajiks ashes sprinkled snow to melt it quickly. This method of reducing Arctic lodovytosti was proposed in the twentieth century.
Interesting story Missiles against hail were first employed in 1958 in Alazani Valley in Georgia.
Interesting story In the spring of 1961, to observe the eclipse of the sun in the Crimea were involved flying weather laboratory for scattering clouds.
Interesting story The first attempts to forecast air pollution, depending on the weather made in 1975 in Kiev.
Interesting story In 1962, Swedish and American scientists using special traps failed to capture share of noctilucent clouds. The nature of noctilucent clouds and nacreous still remains a mystery.