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Charles John Huffam Dickens - English novelist of the Victorian era. Born February 7, 1812 in the city of Portsmouth in the family of a wealthy official.
Soon Dicken's family was ruined and had to make ends meet. His father was thrown on for years in debtors' prison, the mother had to struggle against poverty.
Dickens found himself as a journalist. Dickens immediately was seen reading public, which has not ceased to amaze quickness career beginning journalist. Literature - that now is his ladder by which he rises to the top of society.
Breathtaking success expected Dickens in the same year as the publication of the chapters of his "Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club» (The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club). In this novel he draws old England with its various sides, admiring her good nature and abundance of living and nice features that characterize the best representatives of the English petty bourgeoisie.
Two years later, Dickens made "Oliver Twist» (Oliver Twist), (1838) - History about orphan, born in the slums of London. Boy encounters meanness and generosity, criminal and law-abiding people. Cruel fate recedes before a genuine commitment to an honest life.
After traveling to the United States, where the public met Dickens no less enthusiastic than the British, Dickens wrote his "Martin Chuzzlewita» (The Life and Adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit, 1843).
Main works Sketches by Boz - 1836); Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club - published monthly release, April 1836 - November 1837; Oliver Twist - February 1837 - April 1839; Nicholas Nikklbi -1838 -1839; The Old Curiosity Shop - 1840 -1841; Barnaby Rudge - 1841; Christmas story -1843 - 1845; Battle of Life - 1846; Driven - 1848; Martin Chuzzlewit - 1843 -1844; Dombey and Son - 1848; David Copperfield - 1850; Bleak House - 1852 - 1853; Hard times in 1854; Little Dorrit - 1857; A tale of two cities - 1859; Great expectations - 1861; Our Mutual Friend - 1865; The Mystery of Edwin Drood, April 1870 - September 1870. Published only 6 of the 12 editions of the novel is finished.
Dickens fame continued to grow after his death. It was turned into a true god of English literature. His name was called next to the name of Shakespeare.
*In honor of Dickens named a crater on Mercury. *On the 150th anniversary of his birthday released a postage stamp of the USSR (1962). *In London, there is a house-museum of Charles Dickens «Charles Dickens Museum».