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Questions for Thought Can you think of any examples of how we are influenced by the British Culture? What do you know about the British Culture? As we discuss different aspects of British culture, can you see any similarities or differences with our own Taiwanese culture?
National Identity English (specifically England) =/= British (generally Great Britain) United Kingdom - England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland Britain = England, Scotland, and Wales National Flag = England (St. George) + Scotland (St. Andrew) + Ireland (St. Patrick) = + +
England Land: South: mostly low-lying land with hills and agricultural land North: mostly covered in moorland and mountains. Capital: London (also of the U.K.) History: nearly 2,000 years beginning with the arrival of the Romans soon after their invasion of Britain in AD43.
Monarchy Queen’s birthday 21 April 1926: actual birthday Summer birthday since 1805: normally held on the second Saturday in June The British Royal Family’s Surname: Windsor Changed from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor in 1917 Reason: In 1917, King George V renounced all the German titles belonging to him and his family and adopted the name of his castle, Windsor, because of WWI and anti-German sentiment Duties: Head of State (representative), Head of the Armed Forces (declare war), Head of the Church of England (appoints bishops and archbishops), Government Duties (signature needed), Represents the Nation (at times of sorrow), Royal Garden Parties, Visits (various places)
Queen Elizabeth II (1926) The Queen's sons and daughter Charles Prince of Wales Anne Princess Royal Andrew Duke of York Edward Earl of Wessex
The Queen's Grandchildren Prince William of Wales (1982) Peter Phillips (1977) Princess Beatrice of York (1988) Lady Louise Windsor (2003) Prince Harry of Wales (1984) Zara Phillips (1981) Princess Eugenie of York (1990)
Festivals May Day Celebrations: Maypole Dancing Origin: the Roman festival of Flora, goddess of fruit and flowers Celebrate the coming of summer after a long winter A time for love and romance
Etiquette in England Do: Stand in line Take off your hat when indoors Cover your mouth when yawning or coughing Shake hands Drive on the left side of the road Don’ts: Greet people with a kiss unless it’s family or close friends Talk loudly in public Stare at others Ask personal and intimate questions