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CONSTITUTION Legislative power Executive power President Judiciary power Supreme Court

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Introduction The United States has two main political parties The Democratic Party The Republican Party There are other, much smaller, parties, which play little, if any, role.

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In general, the Republicans tend to be more conservative and to have more support among the upper classes, while the Democrats tend to be more liberal and to have more support among the working class and the poor. Democrats Republicans

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The democratic party The Democratic party whose origins go back to the nation’s third president, Thomas Jefferson was formed before 1800

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Democrats are active in providing social and economic programs for those who need them, such as the poor , the unemployed or students who need money to go to college

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During the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1945) the government under the Democratic Party established the Social Security program.

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Harry Truman worked for social welfare and civil rights laws. Moreover he was against Communist Control over the nations of the world.

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John Kennedy worked for equal rights for all citizens. And he forced the Soviet Union to withdraw its missiles from Cuba. Also John Kennedy established the Peace Corps.

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James Carter supervised the Israel-Egypt peace treaty. He also improved relations with Latin America. He worked to improve human rights throughout the world.

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The present President of the USA – Barak Obama is also democrat. His party is supporting peace all over the world.

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Republican Party was formed in the 1850 s. The Republican Party plays more emphasis on private enterprise and often accuse the Democrats of making the government to expensive. For that reason, Americans tend to think of the Republican Party as more conservative.

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The most outstanding representative of the Republican Party was Abraham Lincoln. He ended slavery and reunited the country. He held the nation together in its most difficult time.

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Dwight Eisenhower is famous for ending the war in Korea and lessening troubles with the Soviet Union.

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Ronald Reagan was known as the Great Communicator . And he also launched the largest peacetime military buildup in American history. He worked to reduce inflation and led the fight to reduce taxes.

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George Herbert Walker Bush (1989-1993) led a coalition of nations in driving the Iraqi army out of Kuwait. And he fought for the collapse of Soviet Communism which ruled in Eastern Europe.

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George Walker Bush

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Conclusion To sum up the explanation for the long life of both parties is that they are not strong ideological organizations, but loose alliances of state and local parties that unite every four years for the presidential election.

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Answers: 1. 4 2. The Nina, the Pinta, the Santa Maria 3. 13 4. Thomas Jefferson 5. The Constitution of the USA 6. Alaska 7. Franklin D. Roosevelt 8. 100 9. The Democrats: donkey The Republicans: elephant 10. The American dollar 11. Albert Abraham Michelson 12. Taras Shevchenko

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